Monday, March 18, 2019
Monday, March 11, 2019
|[Fujitsu Logo, courtesy Fujitsu Ltd.]|
Fujitsu: Run Solaris 10 & 11 Natively on New Bare Metal
Abstract:Sun Microsystems originally designed the SPARC processor and merged AT&T and BSD UNIX together to form Solaris. Fujitsu tarted developing clone hardware, which provided a second manufacturing source, fufilling military applications requirements. Oracle purchased Sun and later ended the native support of Solaris 10 on newer SPARC platforms. Fujitsu continues to support Solaris 10 & 11 on native Fujitsu SPARC M12 Platform.
The M12In 2017, Fujitsu released the SPARC64 XII processor, reaching the fastest performance in the industry, of all processors in the market. This processor was placed in a chassis named the M12. Unlike the newer Oracle chassis, these platforms can run native Solaris 10 or 11, without virtualization.
This chassis comes in 2 flavors: M12-2 and M12-2S. The M12-2S is perhaps, the most interesting: the 2S can scale be adding up to a total of 12 chassis in a system to provide 32 sockets and support over 3000 threads by merely adding one chassis at a time!
|[Solaris Logo, courtesy of Sun Microsystems, now Oracle]|
Solaris 10It should be noted, Solaris 10 does have a definitive life expectancy. New features are not expected, as the OS is now in Extended Support. Extended support offered Solaris 10 Patch Clusters. April 17 in 2018 marked the first set of Extended Support Patches, in Classic Solaris. As of this publishing, Oracle released another set of Solaris 10 Patches in January 9, 2019. The details for most current Recommended Solaris 10 Patch Set can be found by following the link. The final set of Extended patches will be released in January 2021. There is an uplift for Solaris 10 Extended Support, while Solaris 11 is a free update... and this is preferable!
Conclusions:While bare metal may be appealing to some applications, such as dedicated clustered solutions where redundancy is built at the application layer, most engineers prefer the portability of LDoms on a chassis cluster, where LDoms can be live migrated onto another chassis as planned maintenance is conducted on the drained chassis. The Solaris 10 bare metal support offered by Fujitsu provides large scale users, who desire bare metal performance the least amount of complexity, an option offered by no other SPARC vendor.
Monday, March 4, 2019
Solaris 11: Hardware Compatibility List - 2019q1
AbstractFor those who are covering the life of real UNIX systems, a good place to track the progress of Solaris has been the Hardware Compatibility List. For the Q1 quarter of 2019, it may be helpful for readers to understand what the latest hardware is, that has been certified for Oracle Solaris, to execute 2019 purchases.
|[Oracle Logo, courtesy Oracle Corporation]|
Oracle's most recent submission - SPARC M8-8 on 2018-09-07 for Solaris 11.3 & 11.4.
Fujitsu's most recent submission - SPARC M-12 on 2017-07-10 for Solaris 11.3 & 11.4.
Interestingly enough, also certified is Solaris 10 1/13 [aka Solaris 10 Update 11]!
|[Dell Logo, courtesy Dell Corporation]|
Dell AdditionsDell continues to submit hardware into the Hardware Compatibility List.
They included 3x submissions:
- 2018-11-14 PowerEdge R640 - 2x socket, 8x cores/socket, Intel Bronze 3106 CPU @ 1.70GHz
- 2018-12-20 PowerEdge R840 - 4x socket, 4x cores/socket, Intel Gold 5122 CPU @ 3.60GHz
- 2019-01-15 PowerEdge R740 - 2x socket, 14x cores/socket, Intel Gold 5120 CPU @ 2.20GHz
The Odd Man OutThere is a Chinese outsourcing company which also appears on the HCL, called Inspur.
They have 2x submissions:
- 2018-11-08 NF5280M5 - 2x socket 8x core/socket, Intel Silver 4110
- 2018-11-15 NF5180M5 - 2x socket, 24x core/socket, Intel Platinum 8176
Tuesday, February 26, 2019
Oracle: Un-Publishes SPARC Solaris Roadmap?
It has been the tradition of Oracle to maintain a public roadmap for the SPARC Solaris product line, since the purchase of Sun Microsystems.
NormalAs of 2018, Oracle had been promoting a roadmap which illustrated a 2020 SPARC M8+.
Fujitsu TodayFujitsu is still promoting, in 2019 on a roadmap, a new SPARC Server in 2020, as of Feb 25, 2019.
Oracle TodayThe "Assets" link was previously available. The "Servers-Storage" link was also previously available. Today, they are no longer available. They had disappears, approximately in January 2019. Oracle's 2018 roadmap was available from around May 25th.
It should be noted, Oracle's web site had gone through a re-design, with different base URL's now being available, so this could have just been an oversight.
ConclusionsNetwork Management had traditionally not listened to rumors in the industry, regarding layoffs, but had traditionally depended upon hard evidence such as documents, hiring announcements, code releases, etc. There is a degree of concern, in the industry, what Oracle intends on doing with SPARC & Solaris. Oracle continues to release updates for hardware management software, like OpsCenter, and Fujitsu appears to be holding on to it's roadmap.
Sunday, February 24, 2019
The US Department of Defense [DoD] released a document in regard to issued instruction 6500.01 which declared Defense Information Systems Agency [DISA] "develops and maintains control... security technical implementation guides (STIGs)... that implement and are consistent with DoD cybersecurity policies, standards, architectures, security controls, and validation procedures, with the support of the NA/CSS, using input from stakeholders". This resulted in the release of such documents.
Security demands the rigorous standards which must abide by, uniformly, since security is only as good as it's weakest link. The DoD offers Oracle Solaris UNIX Operating System Security Technical Implementation Guides, for SPARC & Intel, as well as for Solaris 10 & 11.
[zip] STIG - Solaris 10 SPARC Version 1 Release 24
[zip] STIG - Solaris 10 x86 Version 1 Release 24
[zip] STIG - Solaris 10 SPARC Version 1 Release 16
[zip] STIG - Solaris 10 x86 Version 1 Release 16
Solaris, for both SPARC and Intel Platforms, continue to be the safest platforms for implementing systems on, in the world. It should be noted that Solaris 10 is fast approaching end-of-life, therefore Solaris 11 should be considered a primary platform for implementation.
Wednesday, February 6, 2019
SPARC: Lift & Shift Solaris 10 ZFS RPool
Abstract:Since the adoption of SMP (Symmetric Multi Processing) by Sun Microsystems, there has been a shift in consolidation on chassis: co-hosting applications on a common OS instance, applications leveraging limited protections with "chroot", hosting multiple OS's on the same chassis through PDoms (Physical Domains), hosting multiple OS's via LDoms (Logical Domains), hosting applications in Solaris Containers (Zones). Sun had created techniques to lift-and-shift UFS based Solaris instances to LDoms, but had not provided a way forward for virtualization of ZFS bsed Solaris 10 systems... until days ago.
Solaris 10 P2V With ZFS RootWith Solaris 10 coming "end of life" and the push to Solaris 11 going strong, there is still a need to consolidate older model chassis. There is a guide called "Lift and Shift". Sekhar Lakkapragada, Senior Principal Software Engineer at Oracle, wrote an article on how to accomplish this very task:
Sekhar posted a tool to accomplish this very activity, to the Oracle Solaris Blog. A short synopsis:
We are happy to announce that we now offer a new tool called ldmp2vz(1M) that can migrate Oracle Solaris 10 source systems with ZFS root. This tool has two commands; ldmp2vz_collect(1M) and ldmp2vz_convert(1M). These two commands enable migration of a sun4u or a sun4v Oracle Solaris 10 physical machine to an Oracle Solaris 10 guest domain on a system running Oracle Solaris 11 in the control domain as shown in this diagram.
In short, it is a 3 step process, not dissimilar from the ldmp2v tool:
- Collection: Run ldmp2vz_collect(1M) on the source for system image and configuration
- Preparation: Create a new Oracle Solaris 10 SPARC guest domain using ovmtdeploy(8), Jumpstart, or DVD.
- Conversion: Run ldmp2vz_convert(1M) from prepared Solaris 10 guest domain using Live Upgrade technology.
Conclusions:This has been a long time coming, but it is welcome, none the less.
Friday, January 11, 2019
ZFS Primer for Solaris 11.3
What is ZFS?ZFS is a flattened Volume Management & File System infrastructure that takes care of just about any basic OS needs. With 32 bit filesystems running out of steam, ZFS was created as a 128 bit filesystem to last for the
What are the features?Basic features include:
- basic file system
- multiple file systems sharing a single pool of storage
- concatenation/striping to extend pools of storage
- mirroring to protect pools of storage
- hot-sparing of storage
- RAID to affordably protect a pool of storage (should use battery backup)
- RAIDZ to affordably protect a pool of storage (without battery backup)
- automatic silent data corruption correction
- on-line silent data corruption search & correction
- double Parity RAID to survive a dual disk failure
- snapshot, for read-only point-in-time data consistency
- scheduled snapshots, to provide rollback from user level data corruption
- diff, to determine differences between snapshots
- clones, to make snapshots read-write
- promotion, to make a clone the record of reference
- rollback, to restore a snapshot to become the record of reference
- send, to backup a pool or filesystem to an alternate location
- receive, to restore a pool or filesystem from an alternate location
- deduplication, to make it an exquisite repository for massive VM repositories
- compression, to speed I/O and store more data
- encryption, to secure data
- sharing storage over NFS natively
- sharing storage over CIFS natively
- sharing storage over iSCSI natively
Is it Stable?
It was introduced in 2005, very stable.
Where is it used?
It is used as the default file system for Solaris 11, newer Operating Systems, storage appliances, and was even introduced into older operating systems (like Solaris 10 or Linux) as optional root disk storage.